Have Fun. Be Safe.

Have Fun. Be Safe. COVID-19 GUEST PROTOCOLS

Carnival Cruise Line's Have Fun. Be Safe. protocols and procedures have been developed in consultation with our medical experts, and they are designed to be effective and adaptable as the current public health situation evolves. We will continue to operate vaccinated cruises through March 31, 2022. By doing so, Carnival is able to provide the optimal guest experience while at the same time protect the health and safety of our guests, crew, and the communities we visit. Until further notice, all our operations will meet this standard so that we can successfully restart our operations and maintain the confidence of the destinations that we visit and deliver on our itineraries and guest experience.

We expect these measures will be temporary and will adjust our protocols based on the advice of our medical and public health advisors.

Below are the measures currently planned for the vaccinated cruises referenced below.

BOOKING

All guests should carefully review pre-booking and pre-travel health advice on our website and U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) website Indicates external site which may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Opens in a new window..

PRE-BOARDING INFORMATION: In order to manage our vaccinated sailings, it is very important for all guests to be on the look-out for a one question pre-cruise vaccine attestation email which needs to be completed for every person on the reservation. Guests are asked to update their profile on Carnival.com with their current contact information as we will be communicating through a series of emails. Please read all our correspondence and complete all requests for pre-boarding information. Failure to comply with pre-cruise information requests on a timely basis will result in cancellation.

VACCINATION & TESTING STANDARDS

Fully Vaccinated Guests

Vaccinated cruises are available for guests who have received their final dose of an approved COVID-19 vaccine at least 14 days prior to the sailing day (not counting embarkation day) and have proof of vaccination.

The CDC requires pre-cruise testing for vaccinated guests, ages 2 and older, to be taken within two days prior to the sailing date. If the sailing is on Saturday, the test may be taken on Thursday and Friday, and as late as Saturday, if you are guaranteed to receive your results in time for check-in. Guests should review their pre-cruise test results, i.e., a laboratory test record, digital certificate or healthcare record, and ensure it indicates their full legal name, date of birth, type of test, date and time sample was taken, test result stating “NEGATIVE” or “NOT DETECTED” and laboratory, testing site, and/or healthcare provider details. Please refer to our Return to Service FAQs for complete information on testing requirements and resources.

Proof of vaccination, as follows, will be required at the terminal in advance of boarding:

  • Original vaccination record issued by the country’s health authority that administered the vaccination (i.e., U.S. CDC's Vaccination Record Card). Copies or photos are not accepted.
  • A digital COVID-19 Certificate (QR code acceptable), a record of COVID-19 vaccination from a healthcare provider (original digital email accepted), a personal electronic health record or government Immunization Information System record is also acceptable.
  • The name and birth date on the vaccination record must match the guest’s travel documents and show the guest is fully vaccinated. The vaccination dates must indicate the guest has completed the required doses no later than 14 days prior to the sailing date. This means that on embarkation day, a minimum of 15 days must have passed since the final dose was received. Vaccine type, dates administered, and lot numbers must be clearly visible.
We recommend guests have the contact information (email and phone) immediately available of the healthcare provider or clinic site that issued the certificate, in order to validate the vaccination if needed. A vaccination registry site may also be used.

Guests are strongly encouraged to review their vaccination records and ensure they meet our standards, as well as have proof of their negative COVID-19 test result, prior to traveling to the cruise terminal to prevent a situation where they may not be able to cruise or be eligible for a refund.

Unvaccinated Guests — Exemptions to Vaccination Standards

Sailings through March 31, 2022

Requirements for cruise ships to enter ports outside the U.S. continue to evolve and Carnival Cruise Line must operate in full compliance with these regulations. Vaccine exemptions for cruises to the Caribbean will be limited to a very small number of children under 12, and teens and adults with a medical condition who can provide written confirmation from their medical provider that they cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons. Our sailings from Florida, Texas, Louisiana, Maryland, South Carolina and Alabama will operate under these criteria until March 31, 2022 with the assumption that current and evolving restrictions imposed by destinations will remain in place.

Vaccine exemptions for ships departing from Long Beach, California will be accepted for children under 12 and as required by U.S. federal law (in accommodation of medical reasons and sincerely held religious beliefs).

On Carnival Legend® January 9, 2022 from Baltimore; Carnival Miracle® January 9, 2022 from Long Beach; Carnival Sunshine® January 17, 2022 from Charleston; and Carnival Miracle® February 20, 2022 from Long Beach, vaccine exemptions will only be accommodated as required by law and destination requirements.

Vaccine exemptions for children and adults are not guaranteed and are capacity-controlled based on the total number of vaccinated guests projected to be on board. The number of exemptions we are able to grant is far fewer than the requests we receive. While the decision to vaccinate children is obviously a personal one, if you are a family with children ages 5-11 and want to guarantee your ability to sail together, we encourage you to consider your vaccination options. To meet the definition of “fully vaccinated,” please keep in mind the three-week interval between doses and the two weeks following the final dose. On embarkation day, a minimum of 15 days must have passed since the final dose.

Unvaccinated guests granted an exemption must abide by certain requirements and protocols, which include:

Testing
  • Guests ages 2 and older must present a negative PCR COVID-19 test, taken within 72 and 24 hours prior to the sailing date at check-in (for example, if the sailing is on Saturday, the test may be taken any time from Wednesday through Friday, but not on the morning of embarkation). As part of the health screening process, unvaccinated guests must also take an antigen test at embarkation, and test again within 24 hours of debarkation on all cruises longer than 4 days. All unvaccinated guests will be assessed a US$150 per person charge on the guest’s onboard Sail & Sign account to cover the cost of testing, reporting and health and safety screenings. Guests should review their pre-cruise test results, i.e., a laboratory test record, digital certificate or healthcare record, and ensure it indicates their full legal name, date of birth, type of test, date and time sample was taken, test result stating “NEGATIVE” or “NOT DETECTED” and laboratory, testing site, and/or healthcare provider details. Please refer to our Return to Service FAQs for complete information on testing requirements and resources.
Travel Insurance Requirement — Florida, Texas and South Carolina Based Ships
  • Unvaccinated guests sailing on a ship departing from Florida, Texas or South Carolina must show proof of travel insurance coverage during check-in. (See section below for full details on travel insurance requirements.)
Doctor’s Note — Florida, Texas, Louisiana, Maryland, South Carolina and Alabama Based Ships
  • If you received a vaccination exemption for medical reasons, a letter from a medical provider stating the guest cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons must be presented at check-in.
Shore Visits and Excursions
  • Unvaccinated guests cannot go ashore in the ports of call on their own. Guests may only debark in the ports of call if booked on a Carnival-sponsored bubble tour.
  • Carnival-approved bubble tours are excursions that operate in a controlled environment. Guests will be escorted from the ship to their excursion and back to the ship immediately upon return from the shore excursion. No unscheduled stops are permitted (i.e., gift shops, bars, restaurants, etc.).
  • In the event you choose not to purchase a bubble tour, bubble tours are sold out, or cancelled due to weather, unvaccinated guests will have to remain on board.
  • Guests participating in a bubble tour, regardless of vaccination status, must follow all tour protocols and local guidance regarding testing/screening, mask wearing, physical distancing, etc. We cannot guarantee that additional restrictions will not be imposed by local authorities in the destinations we visit. For example, based on our agreement with San Juan, unvaccinated guests will have to remain on board during our visit there. Additionally, unvaccinated guests will also have to remain on board during our visit to Limón, Costa Rica.
  • Guests who do not comply with the controlled environment of a bubble tour will be removed from the tour.
  • If your cruise visits a private port of call, such as Half Moon Cay and Princess Cays, unvaccinated guests may go ashore on their own or purchase any of our tours.
Please refer to our Return to Service FAQs for a complete list of our protocols and requirements, which continue to evolve and may change without prior notice.

A request for a capacity-managed exemption must be submitted within 48 hours of making a new reservation. Requests will be processed after the booking is paid in full, in sailing date order, and once we have finalized the estimated vaccinated guest count. If you are an unvaccinated guest, your reservation is not considered confirmed unless you receive an approved exemption, which will be issued within 14 days of sailing. Any unvaccinated guests whose exemptions are approved will be required to review and agree to all the restrictions and protocols listed above prior to boarding the ship. If we are unable to approve the request, guests will have the option to cancel the unvaccinated guest(s) from a reservation, move to a future sailing date or cancel with a full refund to the original form of payment. Unfortunately, we cannot assist with expenses related to a denied exemption request, and guests assume all risks related to non-refundable travel costs (i.e., air fare, hotel).

We recognize that unvaccinated guests will face temporary restrictions during the initial phase of our restart, along with additional costs for testing and insurance and are optimistic these protocols will continue to evolve over time.

All guests traveling on back to back cruises, regardless of vaccination status, will need to be tested in between voyages. Sailings longer than 10 days may have additional onboard testing requirements.

Guests are strongly encouraged to review their vaccination records, ensure they meet our standards, and have proper documentation of their negative COVID-19 test result prior to traveling to the cruise terminal, to prevent a situation where they may have to pay additional testing fees, not be able to cruise or be eligible for a refund.

TRAVEL INSURANCE REQUIREMENT FOR UNVACCINATED GUESTS – FLORIDA, TEXAS & SOUTH CAROLINA BASED SHIPS*

  • Unvaccinated guests sailing on a ship departing from Florida, Texas or South Carolina must show proof of travel insurance coverage during check-in. This requirement is currently being waived for children under 12. However, parents are advised that purchasing travel insurance for their children is strongly recommended.
  • Policy requirements: a minimum of US$10,000, per person, in medical expense coverage and US$30,000 coverage for emergency medical evacuation and without COVID-19 exclusions.
  • The insurance policy must name the unvaccinated guest as the policy holder or beneficiary and may be purchased from a travel insurance company of the guest’s choosing or through Carnival Vacation Protection, which includes the required coverage.
  • Carnival Vacation Protection is available for purchase until 14 days prior to sailing for guests residing in the U.S. (excluding New York and Puerto Rico), Canada (excluding Quebec), U.S. Virgin Islands (St. Thomas, St. John and St. Croix) and American Samoa. (Note: your booking must be paid in U.S. currency.) Should you wish to purchase Carnival Vacation Protection, please call 1-800-CARNIVAL, your Personal Vacation Planner, or your travel advisor.
  • Unvaccinated guests without the required proof of insurance will not be permitted to sail and no refund will be provided.

* Based on requirements of certain destinations. Some destination ports to which we sail are operated by Carnival affiliated entities under government concessions or licenses.

ENHANCED HEALTH SCREENINGS

All guests will be asked to complete an online health questionnaire 72 hours prior to sailing and undergo enhanced pre-embarkation health screenings, which will include confirmation of their health screening responses, validation of their vaccination documents and any required COVID-19 testing.

We will refer anyone with signs and symptoms of COVID-19, or who are identified at-risk, for additional medical screening before allowing them to board. Guests will be seen by our medical staff and boarding will be approved at their discretion. Secondary screenings (and health checks throughout the cruise) will be performed when necessary.

Any guest who tests positive at embarkation, and their traveling companions in the same stateroom, along with other close contacts, will not be able to cruise and will be provided a future cruise credit. (A close contact is any individual who has been within 6 feet of an infected/symptomatic person for a cumulative total of 15 minutes or more over a 24-hour period within 14 days prior to sailing.)

Quarantine

Carnival Cruise Line’s policy is that everyone must be vaccinated, with a very small number of exceptions for children under 12 and those unable to be vaccinated. This approach exceeds the requirements for vaccinated cruises under the CDC’s guidance, and meets requirements set by the destinations we sail to on our cruises.

In addition to vaccinated cruises, we have implemented a comprehensive set of protocols as part of our restart, with the best interests of the health and safety of our guests, crew and the destinations we serve as our number one priority. Even with these protocols in place, there may be positive COVID-19 cases on board during your cruise. Our ships have medical centers with capabilities for diagnosis and testing and are equipped for contact tracing. Our crew is fully vaccinated and wears masks indoors at all times. Given our protocols, positive cases are far below what communities are experiencing shoreside. However, it is important that you are aware of the following information:

  • In the event guests are in close contact with or exposed to any guest or crew member who tests positive for COVID-19, or display any symptoms for a COVID-like illness during the cruise, they and their close contacts will be required to undergo additional testing and may be required to quarantine in their stateroom until our medical team determines it is safe for them to resume their cruise activities.
  • If guests traveled by air to join their cruise and test positive at embarkation and are not able to cruise — or test positive during the cruise — they and their close contacts may be required to quarantine before traveling home.
  • Guests who are quarantined on board will receive a pro-rated future cruise credit equal to the number of days in quarantine.
  • For guests who must quarantine locally, Carnival will help make quarantine arrangements; however, all related expenses will be the guests’ responsibility.

MASKS & PHYSICAL DISTANCING

We strongly encourage all guests to wear face masks in all indoor public areas, particularly guests who are unvaccinated, except when eating or drinking. All guests age 2 and older will be required to wear face masks in elevators and in designated indoor entertainment venues, all retail shops, in the casino and at any indoor activity with children under 12 years (i.e., Captain’s Welcome, Build-A-Bear®, Family Harbor and Sky Zone®). Guests will be required to wear face masks prior to being seated in our main dining rooms and in the Lido Buffet area and in other designated areas where signs are posted, such as in the gym, unless exercising on cardio equipment.

All guests must wear masks during the entire embarkation and debarkation process (at the home port and ports of call, including the onboard pre-debarkation process), during any Carnival-approved shore excursions and while on any transportation vehicles, including water shuttles. Additionally, when going ashore, guests must be prepared to follow all local guidance regarding masks and physical distancing. The status of local guidelines will be shared with guests prior to debarkation at the destination.

Sailings longer than 10 days may have additional mask wearing requirements.

Vaccinated guests are not required to maintain physical distance on board the ship.

It is recommended that unvaccinated guests maintain physical distancing as follows:

  • Indoors – Remain at least 6 feet from others not in your cruise companion group. As such, we encourage you to take the stairs whenever possible, if you are able to do so.
  • Outdoors – Remain at least 3 feet from others when not wearing a mask and not in your cruise companion group.

YOUTH PROGRAMS & SKY ZONE®

Camp Ocean™: With the approval of vaccines for children ages 5-11, our Camp Ocean program will be re-opening, on a modified basis, on sailings departing as of December 10, 2021. Based on the advice of our medical advisors, Camp Ocean will be limited only to fully vaccinated children within this age range.

Circle “C”® & CLUB O2®: Unvaccinated youth and teenagers will not be permitted to participate in supervised Circle “C” and CLUB O2 youth programs, or access Sky Zone® if cruising on Carnival Panorama®.

CASINO

To promote safety, physical distancing and public health, we have updated our onboard casino protocols.

  • There is no smoking in the casino unless you are seated and playing.
  • Seats at gaming tables and slots are reserved for players only.
  • Guests must wear a facemask unless they are smoking or drinking their beverage.
  • The casino bar is open but is a no-smoking area.
  • Smoking is not permitted in the casino when closed.
  • Smoking is not allowed anywhere on board during refueling.
We appreciate our guests’ support of these protocols implemented with everyone’s best interests in mind.

SAFE SHORESIDE EXPERIENCES

Vaccinated guests may participate in Carnival-operated tours and independent sightseeing. Unvaccinated guests cannot go ashore in the ports of call on their own. Guests may only debark in the ports of call if booked on a Carnival-sponsored bubble tour. However, if their cruise visits a private port of call, such as Half Moon Cay and Princess Cays, unvaccinated guests may go ashore on their own or purchase any of our tours.

It will be necessary to follow the health protocols for every port we visit, which are under the control of local authorities and subject to change without prior notice. Guests must come prepared to follow local guidance pertaining to mask wearing, physical distancing, testing/health screenings, etc.

NOTE: Our destination requirements continue to evolve and based on our port agreement with San Juan, unvaccinated guests will have to remain on board during that call. Additionally, unvaccinated guests will also have to remain on board during our visit to Limón, Costa Rica.

HEALTHY ONBOARD ENVIRONMENT

Please help us maintain a healthy onboard environment by using the hand-washing sinks and hand sanitizer dispensers at venue entrances and in high-traffic areas throughout the ship. We will also need guests to follow our guidance about the ways to stay healthy on board and when ashore, through daily programming, entertainment systems, announcements, in-stateroom literature, and the Carnival HUB App.

ONLINE CHECK-IN

Due to new embarkation processes, all guests will need to complete Online Check-In and select an Arrival Appointment. Online Check-In is available for Suite, Platinum and Diamond guests at 16 days prior to sailing; general access begins at 14 days prior to sailing. It is important that guests arrive on a timely basis as early arrivals cannot be accommodated and will be asked to return at their assigned time. With everyone’s cooperation, we can work together to guarantee an on-time departure and the start of your vacation!

CARNIVAL PLANS TO OPERATE THE FOLLOWING SAILINGS THROUGH MARCH 31, 2022 UNDER THE VACCINATED CRUISE STANDARDS:

  • Carnival Vista® from Galveston
  • Carnival Horizon® from Miami
  • Carnival Breeze® from Galveston
  • Mardi Gras™️ from Port Canaveral
  • Carnival Magic® from Port Canaveral
  • Carnival Sunrise® from Miami
  • Carnival Panorama® from Long Beach
  • Carnival Pride® from Baltimore
  • Carnival Dream® from Galveston
  • Carnival Glory® from New Orleans
  • Carnival Miracle® from Long Beach
  • Carnival Freedom® from Miami
  • Carnival Elation® from Port Canaveral
  • Carnival Valor® from New Orleans
  • Carnival Legend® from Baltimore
  • Carnival Pride® from Tampa
  • Carnival Conquest® from Miami; Sailings starting December 13, 2021
  • Carnival Radiance® from Long Beach; Sailings starting December 13, 2021
  • Carnival Sunshine® from Charleston; Sailings starting January 13, 2022
  • Carnival Liberty® from Port Canaveral; Sailings starting February 11, 2022
  • Carnival Sensation® from Mobile; Sailings starting March 5, 2022
  • Carnival Ecstacy® from Jacksonville; Sailings starting March 7, 2022
  • Carnival Paradise® from Tampa; Sailings starting March 12, 2022

RETURN TO SERVICE FAQS – VACCINATED VOYAGES

MASKS & PHYSICAL DISTANCING

Do I have to wear a face mask or maintain physical distancing while on a vaccinated cruise?

We strongly encourage all guests to wear face masks in all indoor public areas, particularly guests who are unvaccinated, except when eating or drinking. All guests age 2 and older will be required to wear face masks in elevators and in designated indoor entertainment venues, all retail shops, in the casino and at any indoor activity with children under 12 years (i.e., Build-A-Bear®, Family Harbor, Sky Zone®). Guests will be required to wear face masks prior to being seated in our main dining rooms and in the Lido Buffet area and in other designated areas where signs are posted, such as in the gym, unless exercising on cardio equipment.

All guests must wear masks during the entire embarkation and debarkation process (at the home port and ports of call, including the onboard pre-debarkation process), during any Carnival-approved shore excursions and while on any transportation vehicles, including water shuttles. Additionally, when going ashore, guests must be prepared to follow all local guidance regarding masks and physical distancing. Local guidelines will be shared with guests once on board.

Unvaccinated guests may have additional mask requirements, such as wearing a mask during a spa treatment.

Sailings longer than 10 days may have additional mask wearing requirements.

Vaccinated guests are not required to maintain physical distance on board the ship.

It is recommended that unvaccinated guests maintain physical distancing as follows:

  • Indoors – Remain at least 6 feet from others not in your cruise companion group. As such, we encourage you to take the stairs whenever possible, if you are able to do so.
  • Outdoors – Remain at least 3 feet from others when not wearing a mask and not in your cruise companion group.

Guests participating in a “bubble” tour, regardless of vaccination status, will need to follow all tour protocols and local guidance regarding mask wearing and physical distancing.

What kind of mask should I wear?

Acceptable types of masks include fabric or disposable face masks and face shields when worn with face masks. Not acceptable types of masks include face masks with vents or openings, bandanas and face shields when worn without masks.

PRE-CRUISE VACCINE ATTESTATION

What is a vaccine attestation?

Every guest on a reservation is required to complete a pre-cruise online vaccine attestation. When you receive the vaccine attestation, you will be asked to go to Cruise Manager on Carnival.com to submit your information within 48 hours. If you submitted a vaccine exemption request, kindly ensure your responses for each guest align with your exemption request. Failure to comply with pre-cruise information requests on a timely basis are grounds for cancellation.

VACCINES & TESTING

What kind of proof of vaccination will Carnival accept?

Guests may present an original vaccination document issued by the country’s health authority or healthcare provider that administered the vaccination, (i.e., CDC Vaccination Record Card). No photocopies or pictures of the document are acceptable.

A digital COVID-19 Certificate (QR code acceptable), a record of COVID-19 vaccination from a healthcare provider (original digital email accepted), a personal electronic health record or government Immunization Information System record is also acceptable.

The name and date of birth on the vaccination card must match the guest’s travel documents, and show the guest is fully vaccinated. This means the guest has completed the full cycle of the required doses for the vaccines administered (i.e., received the second dose in a two-dose series) and the second dose was administered 14 days before the sailing date (not including embarkation day). Vaccination type, dates and lot numbers must be clearly visible.

What happens if I test positive for COVID-19 at embarkation?

Any guest who tests positive at embarkation, and their traveling companions in the same stateroom along with other close contacts, will not be able to cruise and will be provided a future cruise credit. (A close contact is any individual who has been within 6 feet of an infected/symptomatic person for a cumulative total of 15 minutes or more over a 24-hour period within 14 days prior to sailing.)

If a guest traveled by air to join their cruise, and tests positive at embarkation — or tests positive during the cruise — they and their close contacts will be unable to return home by public transport and may be required to quarantine before traveling home. While Carnival will help make quarantine arrangements, all guests are responsible for expenses associated with quarantine.

Are fully vaccinated guests required to take a pre-travel COVID-19 test?

The CDC requires pre-cruise testing for vaccinated guests to be taken within two days prior to the sailing date. If the sailing is on Saturday, the test may be taken on Thursday and Friday, and as late as Saturday, if you are guaranteed to receive your results in time for check-in.

What kind of pre-cruise COVID-19 tests are acceptable?

Guests must be tested with a COVID-19 viral test that is either an antigen test or a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT).

Antigen tests include (acceptable for fully vaccinated guests only):

  • Rapid antigen test
  • Viral antigen test
  • Antigen Chromatographic Digital Immunoassay
  • Antigen Chemiluminescence Immunoassay, or
  • Antigen Lateral Flow Fluorescence

NAAT include (acceptable for vaccinated and unvaccinated guests):

  • PCR – Polymerase chain reaction
  • RT-PCR – reverse transcription real time PCR
  • Quantitative PCR (qPCR)
  • Reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) test
  • Transcription-mediated amplification (TMA) test
  • Molecular test or molecular diagnostic test
  • Isothermal amplification
  • Droplet Digital PCR or digital droplet PCR (ddPCR)
  • Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)

A rapid antigen or rapid PCR test is acceptable (of the test types listed above).

Is a self-test acceptable?

Fully vaccinated guests may use a medically observed self-test (sometimes referred to as home test) that meets the following criteria:

  • The test must be a COVID-19 viral test (NAAT or antigen test) with Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
  • The testing procedure must include a telehealth service affiliated with the manufacturer of the test that provides real-time supervision remotely through an audio and video connection. Some FDA-authorized self-tests that include a telehealth service may require a prescription.
  • The telehealth provider must confirm the person’s identity, observe the specimen collection and testing procedures, confirm the test result, and issue a report that meets the requirements of acceptable proof of a negative COVID-19 test.

Where can I get a COVID-19 test?

For sailings departing through January 31, 2022, a limited number of antigen tests for vaccinated guests only will be available at the cruise terminal on the day of sailing. Advance reservations are required, and availability is on a capacity-controlled basis. A non-refundable payment of US$100 per person will be collected by the testing provider at the time the reservation is made (major credit cards and debit cards accepted). Guests who schedule their test for the day of sailing must still arrive at their arrival appointment. To make a reservation, please use the link designated below for your departure port.

Embarkation Port Reservation Link
Baltimore, Galveston, Long Beach, New Orleans and Charleston Reserve here Indicates external site which may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Opens in a new window.
Miami, Port Canaveral, Tampa Reserve here Indicates external site which may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Opens in a new window.

Since capacity is limited, we kindly ask this option be used only by those guests who have been unsuccessful in making other testing arrangements. This program is being offered on a trial basis and if successful, will be expanded for future sailings.

Before scheduling testing at the terminal, fully vaccinated guests may consider using an Abbott BinaxNOW™ COVID-19 Ag Card Home Test. Self-administered telehealth COVID-19 tests have been approved by the CDC for vaccinated guests to satisfy the pre-cruise testing requirement. The test must have Emergency Use Authorization from the FDA and the self-test process must happen under live supervision on a video call with a telehealth representative. The telehealth provider must issue you a result document that includes all the necessary information. The result document must be presented at the time of check-in. Fully vaccinated guests may consider using an Abbott BinaxNOW™ COVID-19 Ag Card Home Test which includes a viral antigen home test and the services of an eMed telemedicine professional who will supervise the administration of the home test and provide your results in 15 minutes. Test kits ship to all 50 states and arrive at your door in three business days or less. For quick access, order your home test now. Indicates external site which may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Opens in a new window.

Additionally, Carnival Corporation has established an agreement with Quest Diagnostics to facilitate access to pre-cruise COVID-19 viral testing. Guests may schedule testing with Quest Diagnostics at more than 1,500 locations, including Quest Diagnostics patient service centers and select Walmart and other retail pharmacy locations throughout the U.S. Appointments are required and may be scheduled online via Quest Diagnostic's website Indicates external site which may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Opens in a new window.. Results are typically available within 48 hours via email or mobile application but Quest advises that turnaround time can fluctuate with demand, supplies and other factors, and vary by region. As with any laboratory provider, pricing for COVID-19 testing services may vary. Guests may qualify for testing at no cost to them through their insurance or the government. We urge guests to check with their health plan or the laboratory provider to see if they are eligible before scheduling a test. Quest collection sites will be closed on Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Year’s Eve and New Year’s Day, but their labs will be open for processing as well as their customer service contact center. Quest will be open on the day after Thanksgiving, MLK Day, and President’s Day. Guests may visit Quest Diagnostic's website Indicates external site which may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Opens in a new window. for information.

Guests may also contact their nearest health center, pharmacy, state health department, or transiting airport to learn more about their availability for COVID-19 testing.

What kind of proof of testing will Carnival accept?

Acceptable proof of PCR/antigen COVID-19 testing includes laboratory test record, digital certificate and healthcare record.

The results must show first and last name, date of birth, type of test (NAAT or antigen), date and time the sample was taken, test result as either “NEGATIVE” or “NOT DETECTED,” laboratory/testing site or healthcare provider details.

If there is doubt as to the authenticity or validity of the test, and the testing facility or healthcare provider is not able to be contacted for verification purposes, embarkation may be denied.

What happens if I am a few days short of completing my second dose within 14 days of sailing?

Unfortunately, guests will not be able to sail unless they are fully vaccinated and received their final dose of the vaccine no later than 14 days prior to the sailing date (not including embarkation day). This means that on embarkation day, 15 days will have passed since the final dose was received. Please take a few moments to review your vaccination record prior to your cruise and confirm you meet this important requirement. Guests who did not receive their final dose within the required time will not be allowed to sail and no refund will be provided.

Do I need to send you my test results in advance?

No, test results are presented to the health screening staff at the terminal at time of check-in.

I am booked on back-to-back cruises. Will I be tested in between voyages?

When traveling on back-to-back cruises on the same ship, guests will receive an antigen test in between voyages.

Back-to-back guests traveling on another Carnival Cruise Line ship within one day of disembarking their first voyage should inform onboard Guest Services in advance so they can receive the required pre-travel COVID-19 test before they disembark. Guests must present their negative test results upon arrival at the cruise terminal for their next voyage.

Back-to-back guests traveling on another Carnival Cruise Line ship within 2-7 days of when they disembark their first voyage should present proof of their previous cruise to the health screening staff at check-in so they can receive the required pre-travel COVID-19 test at the cruise terminal.

The test will be offered on a complimentary basis to vaccinated guests, and included in the $150 testing and reporting fee assessed to unvaccinated guests.

What if I forget my vaccination card or test results?

Unfortunately, guests who are unable to provide the required proof of vaccination or negative PCR/antigen test results will not be able to board and will not receive a refund.

Do you accept any kind of vaccine?

Acceptable vaccines are those that have been approved/authorized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or have emergency-use listing by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Acceptable vaccines and vaccine combinations*

COVID-19 Vaccination Manufacturer Also known as:
1 Pfizer: 2 Doses Comirnaty / BioNTech
2 Moderna: 2 Doses Spikevax
3 Johnson & Johnson: 1 Dose Janssen
4 AstraZeneca: 2 Doses Covishield / Vaxzevria
5 Sinopharm: 2 Doses
6 Sinovac: 2 Doses CoronaVac
7 MIXED DOSES: Pfizer (1 Dose) + Moderna (1 Dose)
8 MIXED DOSES: AstraZeneca (1 dose) + Pfizer (1Dose) OR Moderna (1 Dose)
9 US ONLY: Novavax clinical trial participants who can confirm that they received the full 2-dose series of the active COVID-19 vaccine

* Exceptions to the above may apply to itineraries that sail to ports where certain vaccine combinations are not accepted.

Do I need a COVID-19 vaccine booster to be considered fully vaccinated?

COVID-19 vaccine boosters are strongly recommended for specific at risk groups by the FDA and US CDC. However, at this time, booster doses are not required to embark. Guests who have received the full series of a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or World Health Organization (WHO) authorized COVID-19 vaccine or a combination of authorized vaccines and have received the last dose at least 14 days prior to the day of embarkation are considered fully vaccinated.

Will the crew be vaccinated?

Yes, our crew will be vaccinated in accordance with CDC guidelines.

VACCINE EXEMPTIONS – PROCESS FOR UNVACCINATED GUESTS (Sailings through March 31, 2022)

Are unvaccinated guests allowed to travel on sailings which are operating under vaccinated standards?*

Requirements for cruise ships to enter ports outside the U.S. continue to evolve and Carnival Cruise Line must operate in full compliance with these regulations.

Vaccine exemptions for cruises to the Caribbean will be limited to a very small number of children under 12, and teens and adults with a medical condition who can provide written confirmation from their medical provider that they cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons. Our sailings from Florida, Texas, Louisiana, Maryland, South Carolina, and Alabama will operate under these criteria until March 31, 2022 with the assumption that current and evolving restrictions imposed by destinations will remain in place.

Vaccine exemptions for ships departing from Long Beach, California will be accepted for children under 12 and as required by U.S. federal law (in accommodation of medical reasons and sincerely held religious beliefs).

Exemptions for children and adults are not guaranteed and are capacity-controlled based on the total number of vaccinated guests projected to be on board. The number of exemptions we are able to grant is far fewer than the requests we receive. While the decision to vaccinate children is obviously a personal one, if you are a family with children ages 5-11 and want to guarantee your ability to sail together, we encourage you to consider your vaccination options. To meet the definition of “fully vaccinated,” please keep in mind the three-week interval between doses and the two weeks following the final dose. On embarkation day, a minimum of 15 days must have passed since the final dose.

Unvaccinated guests must closely follow the application process and if granted an exemption, must abide by our requirements and protocols.

A request for a capacity-managed exemption must be submitted within 48 hours of making a new reservation. Requests will be processed after the booking is paid in full, in sailing date order, and once we have finalized the estimated vaccinated guest count.

If you are an unvaccinated guest, your reservation is not considered confirmed unless you receive an approved exemption, which will be issued within 14 days of sailing. Any unvaccinated guests whose exemptions are approved will be required to review and agree to all the restrictions and protocols listed above prior to boarding the ship.

If we are unable to approve the request, guests will have the option to cancel the unvaccinated guest(s) from a reservation, move to a future sailing date or cancel with a full refund to the original form of payment. Unfortunately, we cannot assist with expenses related to a denied exemption request, and guests assume all risks related to non-refundable travel costs (i.e., air fare, hotel).

* On Carnival Legend® January 9, 2022 from Baltimore; Carnival Miracle® January 9, 2022 from Long Beach; Carnival Sunshine® January 17, 2022 from Charleston; and Carnival Miracle® February 20, 2022 from Long Beach, vaccine exemptions will only be accommodated as required by law and destination requirements.

What are the protocols for unvaccinated guests who are approved for a vaccine exemption?

Unvaccinated guests approved for a vaccine exemption must abide by the following protocols, which continue to evolve and may change without prior notice.

Testing

  • A negative PCR COVID-19 test, taken within 72 and 24 hours prior to the sailing date must be presented at check-in (for example, if the sailing is on Saturday, the test may be taken any time from Wednesday through Friday, but not on the morning of embarkation). As part of the health screening process, unvaccinated guests must also take an antigen test at embarkation, and test again within 24 hours of debarkation on all cruises longer than 4 days. All unvaccinated guests will be assessed a US$150 per person charge on the guest’s onboard Sail & Sign account to cover the cost of testing, reporting and health and safety screenings. Children under two are exempt from testing requirements.
  • Sailings longer than 10 days may have additional onboard testing requirements.

Travel Insurance Requirement — Florida, Texas and South Carolina Based Ships

  • Unvaccinated guests sailing on a ship departing from Florida, Texas or South Carolina must show proof of travel insurance coverage during check-in. This requirement is currently being waived for children under 12. However, parents are advised that purchasing travel insurance for their children is strongly recommended. (See travel insurance section for full details.)

Doctor’s Note — Florida, Texas, Louisiana, Maryland, South Carolina and Alabama Based Ships

  • If a guest received a vaccine exemption for medical reasons, a letter from a medical provider stating the guest cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons must be presented at check-in.

Mask Wearing

  • We strongly encourage all guests to wear face masks in all indoor public areas, particularly guests who are unvaccinated, except when eating or drinking. All guests age 2 and older will be required to wear face masks in elevators and in designated indoor entertainment venues, all retail shops, in the casino and at any indoor activity with children under 12 years (i.e., Build-A-Bear®, Family Harbor, Sky Zone®). Guests will be required to wear face masks prior to being seated in our main dining rooms and in the Lido Buffet area and in other designated areas where signs are posted, such as in the gym, unless exercising on cardio equipment.
  • All guests must wear masks during the entire embarkation and debarkation process (at the home port and ports of call, including the onboard pre-debarkation process), during any Carnival-approved shore excursions and while on any transportation vehicles, including water shuttles. Additionally, when going ashore, guests must be prepared to follow all local guidance regarding masks and physical distancing. Local guidelines will be shared with guests once on board.
  • Unvaccinated guests may have additional mask requirements, such as wearing a mask during a spa treatment.
  • Sailings longer than 10 days may have additional mask wearing requirements.

Physical Distancing

  • We recommend you maintain physical distancing as follows:
    • Indoors – Remain at least 6 feet from others not in your cruise companion group. As such, we encourage you to take the stairs whenever possible, if you are able to do so.
    • Outdoors – Remain at least 3 feet from others when not wearing a mask and not in your cruise companion group.

Children’s/Youth Programs & Sky Zone®

  • With the approval of vaccines for children ages 5-11, our Camp Ocean program will be re-opening, on a modified basis, on sailings departing as of December 10, 2021. Based on the advice of our medical advisors, Camp Ocean will be limited only to fully vaccinated children within this age range. Unvaccinated youth and teenagers will not be permitted to participate in supervised Circle “C”® and CLUB O2® youth programs, or access Sky Zone® if cruising on Carnival Panorama®.

Spa

  • Unvaccinated guests may not access the sauna or purchase the thermal suite pass. Those who booked Cloud 9 Spa® staterooms may take advantage of all the amenities, except the thermal suite.

Shore Visits and Excursions

  • Unvaccinated guests cannot go ashore in the ports of call on their own. You may only debark in the ports if booked on a Carnival-sponsored bubble tour.
  • Carnival-approved bubble tours are excursions that operate in a controlled environment. Guests will be escorted from the ship to their excursion and back to the ship immediately upon return from the shore excursion. No unscheduled stops are permitted (i.e. gift shops, bars, restaurants, etc.).
  • In the event you choose not to purchase a bubble tour, bubble tours are sold out, or cancelled due to weather, unvaccinated guests will have to remain on board.
  • Guests participating in a bubble tour, regardless of vaccination status, must follow all tour protocols and local guidance regarding testing/screening, mask wearing, physical distancing, etc. We cannot guarantee that additional restrictions will not be imposed by local authorities in the destinations we visit. For example, based on our agreement with San Juan, unvaccinated guests will have to remain on board during our visit there. Additionally, unvaccinated guests will also have to remain on board during our visit to Limón, Costa Rica.
  • Guests who do not comply with the controlled environment of a bubble tour will be removed from the tour and may not be allowed back on board the ship.
  • If your cruise visits a private port of call, such as Half Moon Cay and Princess Cays, unvaccinated guests may go ashore on their own or purchase any of our tours.

Now that vaccines have been approved for children, are you requiring them for kids of ages 5-11?

Vaccines are not required for children ages 5-11. However, given the limited number of vaccine exemptions we are able to grant, we encourage families to consider their vaccine options if they want to guarantee their ability to sail together.

TRAVEL INSURANCE

Do unvaccinated guests need to purchase travel insurance in order to cruise with Carnival?

Unvaccinated guests sailing on a ship departing from Florida, Texas or South Carolina must show proof of travel insurance coverage during check-in. This requirement is currently being waived for children under 12.

However, parents are advised that purchasing travel insurance for their children is strongly recommended.

Each unvaccinated guest must have a minimum of US$10,000, per person, in medical expense coverage and US$30,000 coverage for emergency medical evacuation and without COVID-19 exclusions. The insurance policy must name the unvaccinated guest as the policy holder or beneficiary and may be purchased from a travel insurance company of the guest’s choosing or through Carnival’s Vacation Protection, which includes the required coverage.

Carnival’s Vacation Protection is available for purchase until 14 days prior to sailing for guests residing in the U.S. (excluding New York and Puerto Rico), Canada (excluding Quebec), U.S. Virgin Islands (excluding St. Thomas, St. John and St. Croix) and American Samoa (note: your booking must be paid in U.S. currency.) Should you wish to purchase Carnival’s Vacation Protection, please call 1-800-CARNIVAL, your Personal Vacation Planner or your travel advisor.

Unvaccinated guests sailing out of Florida, Texas or South Carolina without the required proof of insurance will not be permitted to sail and no refund will be provided.

Although not required for sailings out of other homeports, it is always a good idea to purchase travel insurance.

HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE & SCREENING

What happens if I have a positive COVID-19 test within 14 days of sailing?

Please do not go to the cruise terminal if you have any symptoms of, or have recently tested positive for, COVID-19. Call 1-800-314-9859 to cancel your cruise. You will receive a future cruise credit. For more information on symptoms of COVID-19, please visit the CDC's website Indicates external site which may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Opens in a new window..

If I forget to complete the online health questionnaire, can I complete it at check-in?

Yes, if you did not submit your health questionnaire ahead of time, you can complete it at the time of check-in.

What happens if I have symptoms for a non-COVID illness?

If you have been treated for a non-COVID illness within the last 14 days, please bring a note from your doctor to the cruise terminal along with your required pre-travel COVID-19 test. The note should include a specific diagnosis and any test results obtained. At the terminal, you will be seen by our medical team and they will determine if you are permitted to sail. Your doctor’s note should not contain vague diagnoses such as “viral syndrome” and “cough” as they do not help us determine your risk for having COVID-19.

Do I have any other testing requirements in case I travelled internationally (excluding Canada) within 14 days of the cruise?

Other than the pre-cruise COVID-19 test, no other test will be administered in the cruise terminal unless required as a result of your health screening.

EMBARKATION/BOARDING

Do Platinum and Diamond guests still have priority boarding and early access to their staterooms?

Given our focus on the implementation of new health and safety protocols, we have adjusted how we deliver priority check-in. All guests will need to complete Online Check-In, which will open 14 days prior to sailing. Platinum and Diamond guests will be given two days advance access to select their preferred Arrival Appointment. It is important that guests arrive on a timely basis as early arrivals cannot be accommodated and will be asked to return at their assigned time. Due to enhanced cleaning and sanitation, staterooms may not be ready at the time of boarding for the early Arrival Appointments. We appreciate our guests’ understanding as we manage through many changes with an eye on your health and safety.

If I miss the ship at the home port, will I be able to join at the first port of call?

Guests who miss the ship at the home port will not be able to join at the first port and no compensation will be provided.

Will we still have to congregate for the safety drill?

No, but guests will now have to complete a self-muster process. This means that as soon as they get on the ship, they should locate their muster station (it’s on their boarding pass and on the Carnival HUB App) and find their way there to check-in with our team. We will provide a demonstration on how to wear a life jacket. Afterwards, they should watch our safety briefing which will play on the in-stateroom TV.

QUARANTINE

What happens if I show symptoms of COVID-19 or test positive at embarkation or during the cruise?

Carnival Cruise Line’s policy is that everyone must be vaccinated, with a very small number of exceptions for children under 12 and those unable to be vaccinated. This approach exceeds the requirements for vaccinated cruises under the CDC’s guidance, and meets requirements set by the destinations we sail to on our cruises.

In addition to vaccinated cruises, we have implemented a comprehensive set of protocols as part of our restart, with the best interests of the health and safety of our guests, crew and the destinations we serve as our number one priority.

Even with these protocols in place, there may be positive COVID-19 cases on board during your cruise. Our ships have medical centers with capabilities for diagnosis and testing and are equipped for contact tracing. Our crew is fully vaccinated and wears masks indoors at all times. Given our protocols, positive cases are far below what communities are experiencing shoreside. However, it is important that you are aware of the following information:

  • In the event guests are in close contact with or exposed to any guest or crew member who tests positive for COVID-19, or display any symptoms for a COVID-like illness during the cruise, they and their close contacts will be required to undergo additional testing and may be required to quarantine in their stateroom until our medical team determines it is safe for them to resume their cruise activities.
  • If guests traveled by air to join their cruise and test positive at embarkation and are not able to cruise – or test positive during the cruise – they and their close contacts may be required to quarantine before traveling home.
  • Guests who are quarantined on board will receive a pro-rated future cruise credit equal to the number of days in quarantine.
  • For guests who must quarantine locally, Carnival will help make quarantine arrangements; however, all related expenses will be the guests’ responsibility.

ONBOARD EXPERIENCES

Do I have to purchase an internet package to use the HUB App? What if I don't have a smart phone?

We encourage you to download the Carnival HUB App, available for free on the App Store and Google Play. Our team has worked hard to enhance the features of the Carnival HUB App to make your cruise experience easier. If you don't have a smartphone and need assistance, our team will be happy to help. Using the app, guests will be able to locate their muster station and see how to get there, check out what’s happening around the ship, chat with friends, make reservations at any of our open or specialty dining restaurants, book shore excursions and spa appointments, and so much more.

Although I don’t gamble, will I still be able to watch others play?

The casino will be limited to guests who are actively playing and their companions only.

Since I can no longer smoke in the casino when it is closed or if I am not playing, are there any other indoor areas where I can smoke?

No, but you may step outside to use the designated outdoor smoking area. Please note: On embarkation day, smoking is not allowed outdoors while the ship is refueling. Please consider selecting a late Arrival Appointment to minimize any inconvenience.

Will you still have a buffet on Lido?

The Lido Marketplace buffets and seating will be open for our guests to enjoy.

Are there any activities and events that won't be offered?

Most of our usual fun activities and events will be offered. However, the following events will be temporarily not available: Seuss-a-palooza Parade, Green Eggs & Ham Breakfast, Photo Time! With Dr. Seuss®, Zumbini® classes, Lip Sync Battle:Carnival, Chef’s Table on Carnival Vista® and Carnival Horizon®, and Behind the Fun Tour.

Will my kids be able to participate in the youth program on board?

With the approval of vaccines for children ages 5-11, our Camp Ocean program will be re-opening, on a modified basis, on sailings departing as of December 10, 2021. Based on the advice of our medical advisors, Camp Ocean will be limited only to fully vaccinated children within this age range. Unvaccinated youth and teenagers will not be permitted to participate in supervised Circle “C”® and CLUB O2® youth programs, or access Sky Zone® if cruising on Carnival Panorama®.

Will my stateroom still be serviced? What if I don’t want it to be serviced?

All staterooms will be serviced once daily. However, you may opt out of the daily stateroom service. Just contact your stateroom attendant to let them know. Should you need any service, your stateroom attendant will be only a phone call away.

I have an approved vaccination exemption. Are there any areas of the ship that are off limits?

Unvaccinated guests may not access the sauna or purchase the thermal suite pass. Those who booked spa staterooms may take advantage of all the amenities except the thermal suite. Unvaccinated children/teenagers are currently not allowed to participate in the children’s/youth camp program, or access Sky Zone® if cruising on Carnival Panorama®.

How have you improved your medical center?

Our medical center facilities have been enhanced and protocols improved to provide the necessary care for any COVID-19 related cases that may arise. When necessary, medical appointments will be scheduled virtually or in your stateroom. In the event we have suspected cases of COVID-19, we will be able to isolate, test and treat patients and will coordinate assistance with our group of health experts and relevant public health authorities.

Have you improved your indoor ventilation systems?

Indoor ventilation systems have been enhanced to provide frequent exchanges of fresh ocean air and modified for greater particle filtration.

GOING ASHORE

Do I need to purchase a Carnival shore excursion to go ashore? After my shore excursion, can I explore the port on my own?

Guests who are vaccinated may purchase a Carnival tour or engage in independent sightseeing. Unvaccinated guests cannot go ashore in the ports of call on their own. You may only debark in the ports if booked on a Carnival-sponsored bubble tour. See requirements for unvaccinated guests.

What happens if a guest doesn’t follow the health protocols?

We hope this isn’t an issue, given how much our guests want to get back to cruising. Consistent with our other policies on guest behavior, any guest who fails to comply with the onboard and destination public health measures may be disembarked at the first available opportunity, at the guest’s sole expense. If needed, guests may also be quarantined and have onboard privileges suspended, and no refunds or other compensation will be offered.

GUESTS WITH DISABILITIES

If I require oxygen and/or dialysis during my cruise, may I still travel?

Unfortunately, we are unable to accept guests who use oxygen or dialysis at this time. Our medical experts have determined, that for the guest’s own safety, this is the right decision.

We’ve had to make some difficult decisions based on general public health guidelines and the overall health and safety of our guests. We remain optimistic that our approach on future sailings will become more flexible.

Carnival Cruise Line Refund* and Cancellation Policy for COVID-19

The following information applies to all sailings scheduled during the declared Public Health Emergency involving COVID-19. Except as specifically stated below, or as otherwise provided in the Ticket Contract for your cruise, the standard cancellation policies and penalties described in the Ticket Contract apply.

Cruise Cancelled by Carnival

  • If your cruise is cancelled by Carnival or boarding is delayed by twenty-four (24) hours or more due to government order or declaration of Public Health Emergency, you are entitled to a refund of the amount paid to Carnival within 180 days, or an optional Future Cruise Credit (“FCC”).

Cruise Cancelled by Guest

  • If, following a declaration of a Public Health Emergency, you cancel a booking for a cruise scheduled during the declared emergency, or must cancel your booking because you are prohibited from traveling to the vessel due to a governmental travel restriction, but the cruise is not cancelled, you are entitled to a FCC for the amount paid to Carnival. In all other cases our standard cancellation policy will apply, as set forth in the Ticket Contract for your cruise.

  • If you, your family members living with you in the same household or travelling companions assigned to the same stateroom cancel a cruise booking due to testing positive for COVID-19 within 14 days of embarkation, you and they are entitled to a FCC for the amount paid to Carnival. If guest has close contact with a positive or suspected COVID-19 case within 14 days of embarkation, and Carnival deems you are unfit to travel, you are eligible for a FCC.

  • To qualify for the FCC, if your COVID-19 test was administered by a provider other than one retained by Carnival, you must present your verified positive test result in a form acceptable to Carnival.

Denial of Embarkation or Reboarding; Quarantine and/or Disembarkation

  • If you, your family members, travelling companions or other close contacts are denied embarkation or reboarding, or quarantined or disembarked during the voyage, due to a positive COVID-19 test or being suspected of having COVID-19, you and they are entitled to a FCC for the amount paid to Carnival in the event of denial at embarkation, or a pro-rated refund of the unused portion of your Cruise Fare in all other cases.

  • Guests denied embarkation or reboarding, or who are disembarked or quarantined during the voyage, for failure to comply with the Carnival COVID-19 Guest Protocols in effect at the time of the cruise, shall not be entitled to a refund or compensation of any kind. Please refer to the Ticket Contract issued for your cruise for complete details.

*All refund requests must be made within six months of the scheduled embarkation date or you will only be entitled to a Future Cruise Credit for the amount specified.